1. Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan
Ranthambore National Park is one of the most popular places to visit for wildlife lovers. In 1972, the commencement of Project Tiger took place. Ranthambore received the status of a national park in the year 1980. At this point in time, Ranthambore National Park has conferred the status of a tiger reserve in the country. It is spread on an area of 1,334 square kilometers along with its neighboring sanctuaries- the Kaila Devi Sanctuary and the Mansingh Sanctuary.
The wild geology and the thick deciduous woodlands are key attributes of this Park which renders positive environment to the differed and driving gathering of natural life species in the nation. The recreation center is eminent for its superb Royal Bengal Tigers. It is the best place where tigers can be seen in their normal natural surroundings. Best time to visit Ranthambore is February to April when the atmosphere is mellow.
2. Jim Corbet National Park, Uttarakhand
Jim Corbett National Park is situated in the mountainous district of Nainital and is the oldest wildlife reserve in India. It derived its name after a famous hunter turned conservationist Jim Corbett who played a major role in the establishment of the park. The park today is a home to some of the endangered species and plays an important role in the conservation of Indian Wildlife. The assortment of wildlife in Corbett National Park includes tigers, muggers, crocodile, leopards, elephants, jungle cats, varieties of deer and other exotic species of animals. If you are lucky, you may spot white tigers as well. The best time to visit the park is during the winter. During this season a large variety of migratory birds visit this park.
3. Sunderbans National Park, West Bengal
Sundarbans is the largest estuarine forests in West Bengal.Sunderbans with its marshy land, dense mangroves, and Tigers, is a naturalist’s paradise. Spread over 54 islands, it extends into neighboring Bangladesh.
Tourists come here not only to enjoy gorgeous sceneries but also to enjoy the wildlife constituted by various species of reptiles, birds, and mammals. The only way to traverse the park is by availing a boat. Jeep safaris are not allowed here. No one is even allowed to get down on the river bank.
4. Gir National Park, Gujarat
The only abode of Asiatic lion in the world, Gir National Park is situated in the south-west of Saurashtra peninsula in the Junagarh district of Gujarat. The park houses significant population of leopards and abundant species of birds. Some exotic species of birds found here are black headed cuckoo shrike, Bonelli’s eagle, crested serpent eagle, pied woodpecker, painted sandgrouse, grey partridge bush, and quail. Other than birds the park is also a home to chital, chinkara, nilgai and the four-horned antelope and wild boar. The ideal time to visit the park is between late-November and early-March.
5. Kaziranga National Park, Assam
Kaziranga National Park is located in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam. Spanning across 429.69 square kilometers, the Kaziranga National Park is a home to largest population of One Horned Rhinoceros in the world. It is also a world heritage site. In 2006 the park was declared as a tiger reserve and has the highest number of Tiger population in the world.
Other than tigers the park also protects wild water buffalo, elephants, swamp deer, wild boar, Indian muntjac, hog deer, sambhar, gaur, hoolock gibbon, golden langur, Assamese macaque and many more exotic species. Park also houses varied species of migratory birds, predators, water birds, scavengers, and game birds and Ganges Dolphin. Kaziranga is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
6. Bandipur Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka
One of India’s well-known wildlife destinations, Bandipur Wildlife Sanctuary is situated at the meeting point of the Deccan plateau and the Western Ghats in the Chamarajanagar district in Karnataka. It was designated as a Tiger reserve under the Project Tiger in 1973. Later in 1974, the Bandipur wildlife sanctuary was declared as a National Park under the Wildlife Protection Act. It is a home to the endangered population of Tiger in the park and various kinds of wildlife species such as Gaur (Indian Bison), Asiatic Elephant, Leopard, Sambar, and Chital. Other than these Barking Deer, Dhole (wild dog) Giant Squirrel, Nocturnal Porcupine and Sloth Bear are some of the exotic species that reside in the park. Best time to visit is between the months of April and October.
7. Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
This picturesque, 192,000-acre wildlife sanctuary located in the lap of the Western Ghats in Kerela, offers a lush environment for its inhabitantsPeriyar Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the eminent Tiger reserve projects of South India. Periyar is renowned for the Asiatic elephants and houses about 900 elephants.
Visitors who trek into the Periyar often spot a Python and sometimes even a King Cobra. Other than elephants Periyar includes gaur, horse deer, mouse deer barking deer, Indian wild dogs, mongoose, leopards and Nilgiri tahr apart from 45 species of reptiles and 320 species of birds. It is Open throughout the year, September to December is the best time to enjoy this park.
8. Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
Kanha National Park is located in the Mandla / Balaghat districts of the state of Madhya Pradesh.It is popularised as the Mowgli land, Kanha is the place which inspired Rudyard Kipling for the classic – The Jungle Book.
In 1955 this park was designated as a National park. The main attractions of the park are the swamp deer or Barasingha. It is also a home to other species of mammals such as tigers (over 125), spotted deer, langur monkeys, sambhar deer, jackals, wild boar, crested serpent, blackbuck and more than 300 species of birds, reptiles, and fishes. The best time to visit Kanha national park October to mid-June with March to May being ideal to spot the tigers and panthers.